Mass society requires both accessible elites and available non-elites if it is to exhibit a high rate of mass behavior. Elites are accessible and non-elites are available in that there is a paucity of independent groups between the state and the family to protect either elites or non-elites from manipulation and mobilization by the other. William Kornhauser
Mass society theory argues that with industrialization and subsequent social changes, people have become isolated and alienated. Mass society, as depicted by Kornhauser, refers to a social system in which elites are readily open to influence by nonelites.